Electronic Stability Control
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) helps drivers to avoid crashes by reducing the danger of skidding, or losing control as a result of over-steering. ESC becomes active when a driver loses control of their car. It uses computer controlled technology to apply individual brakes and help bring the car safely back on track, without the danger of fish-tailing.
Why do I need it?
Australian research shows that ESC reduces the risk of:
- Single car crashes by 25%
- Single 4WD crashes by 51%
- Single car crashes in which the driver was injured by 28%
- Single 4WD crashes in which the driver was injured by 66%*
No other active safety device has such potential to reduce single car crashes.
How does ESC work?
ESC works by using a number of intelligent sensors that detect any loss of control and automatically apply the brake to the relevant wheel, putting your car back on the road.
ESC will help a driver by:
- correcting oversteering or understeering
- stabilising the car during sudden evasive manoeuvres
- enhanced handling on gravel patches, such as road shoulders; and
- improving traction on slippery or icy roads.
Not all ESC systems are identical. The hardware is similar, but there are variations in how ESC systems are programmed to respond once loss of control is detected.
Naturally, the degree of effectiveness of ESC is dependent upon the amount of traction between the road and the car. Therefore on a car with old, worn or inappropriate tyres (e.g. non winter tyres on ice and snow), ESC will be less effective than on a car with new tyres or tyres specific to a road condition
How popular is ESC?
ESC technology is being adopted rapidly by Australian car makers and importers. In Victoria all new passenger cars registered from January 2011 must be fitted with ESC.
The number of cars fitted with ESC has grown enormously since 2004. Before you choose your next car, be sure to look for models with ESC.
Is ESC different to Antilock Braking (ABS) and Traction Control?
ABS and Traction control are important parts of an ESC system. Whilst every car with ESC has ABS and Traction Control, those with ABS and Traction control do not necessarily have ESC.
ABS and Traction Control only work in the direction of travel. ESC can also help drivers cope with the sideways movement which creates instability. Unlike ABS and Traction Control, ESC is a system that can control a car's entire movements.
Do I need training to drive a car with ESC?
No. Those who manufacture these systems say that ESC supports the driver but does not require changes to skill levels or driving styles.
Are there different names for ESC?
Yes. Some of the names that we know about in Australia are:
- Electronic Stability Program (ESP) - Holden, HSV, Hyundai, Kia, Mercedes Benz, Jeep, Renault, Saab, Chrysler, Citroen, Peugeot, Ssangyong
- Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) - Ford, FPV, BMW, Mazda, Land Rover, Jaguar
- Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) - Suzuki, Toyota
- Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)- Nissan, Subaru, Alfa Romeo
- Dynamic Stability And Traction Control (DSTC)- Volvo
- Electronic Stabilisation Program (ESP) - Audi, Volkswagen
- Active Stability Control (ASC) - Mitsubishi
- Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA)- Honda
- Vehicle Stability/Swerve Control (VSC) - Lexus
- Automatic Stability Control + Traction (ASC+T) - Mini
- Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) - Dodge, Skoda
- Maserati Stability Program (MSP)- Maserati
- Porsche Stability Management - Porsche
- Stability and Traction Control – Fiat
Can ESC affect my resale value?
European Research shows that ESC can help reduce a car's depreciation. New cars purchased with ESC will assist in the resale of that car in the future. It is anticipated that after the European Union mandate for ESC which begins in September 2011, that it will become increasingly difficult to resell a car without ESC**.
ESC mandate for new cars
From 1 January 2011, all newly registered vehicles in Victoria must be fitted with ESC. This will apply to all passenger cars, off-road passenger vehicles and forward-control passenger vehicles (e.g. passenger vans) with a compliance/identification plate date of 01/11 or after.
*Scully, J., & Newstead, S. (2007) Preliminary evaluation of electronic stability control effectiveness in Australasia. Monash University Accident Research Centre, Report No. 271
**Bosch, Safe Driving: ESP and the UK Fleet Market